Thursday, November 25, 2010

Lao Meatball Sandwich

We have had a wonderful week in Laos of swimming in waterfalls, riding elephants, boating upthe Mekong, and exploring the numerous Wats. All this activity left us hungry, and we enjoyed feasting our way through the country. And since we have been eating Lao food all week, I thought it would be a great time to post this particular recipe. I had made this dish before I left DC, after being inspired by the Lao meatballs from the Adams Morgan Day street fair a couple of months ago. After tasting real traditional Lao food here in country, I will admit this recipe is not completely authentic. However, it is very close to what I ate in DC and very reminiscent of the flavors here in Laos. More importantly - it tastes great!

The Lao prefer to have their food very bitter, unlike the Thai or Vietnamese, who tend to have more of a sweet component to round things out. Traditional Lao food relies heavily on vegetables such as raw baby eggplant, and occasionally a very strong flavoring whose name translates to "spicy wood" and that tastes like a combination of ginger, cinnamon, and tree bark. But like in Vietnam the food here tends to use a lot of fresh herbs - cilantro, scallion, and morning glory especially. There are rice noodle soups and baguette sandwiches here that remind me of pho and banh mi from Vietnam, and fried noodle dishes and curries scented with lemongrass and coconut milk that show the Thai influence. And like many Asian countries, the street markets are dominated by the sweet smell of meats (especially pork, chicken, and small birds) and fish (river fish in this landlocked country hugging the Mekong) grilling over open flame. It has been a joy to visit Laos and to eat my way around.

For this recipe I took a street food concept - the meatball skewer - which to me was a snack, but made it into a more substantial meal. The meatballs are flavorful, with hints of ginger and lemongrass, but the fish sauce, honey, and tamarind glaze is what puts this dish over the top (and the added sweetness aligns it a little better with a normal Western palate). Stuff the meatballs into a french demi-baguette and top with cilantro, carrots, and cucumber to get an amazingly flavorful and satisfying sandwich.

Here are the ingredients that you will need:

  • 1 lb ground pork
  • 1 stick lemongrass - 1/2 grated
  • 3 scallions
  • 1 knuckle of ginger - 1/2 grated
  • 1 tbsp honey
  • 2 tbsp Thai fish sauce
  • 2 tbsp mirin (rice wine vinegar)
  • 2 tsp Sriracha or similar Asian hot sauce
  • 1 tsp tamarind paste
  • 4 tbsp water
  • 2 demi baguettes
  • 1 carrot
  • 1 cucumber
  • 2 radishes
  • 1 bunch cilantro
  • 1 bunch mint
  • 1 tbsp chopped peanuts

Combine the fish sauce, rice wine vinegar, honey, Sriracha, and tamarind paste in a large bowl, then transfer half of the mixture into a small sauce pan and set aside. Pull out the soft filling of each baguette and add it to the large bowl along with the scallions, grated ginger, grated lemongrass, and ground pork. Mix with your hands until well incorporated. Place the mixture in the fridge to marinate for 20 minutes up to 24 hours, or freeze for later use.

For the glaze add the water and non-grated lemongrass and ginger to the sauce pan. Bring to a simmer and reduce until it coats the back of a spoon, about 10-15 minutes.

Now it's time to start preparing the meatballs: remove the marinated pork meat from the refrigerator and form about 10-15 small meatballs. Saute the meatballs in a nonstick skillet until brown, then transfer them to a baking sheet and into a preheated 400 degree oven. Baste the meatballs with the glaze every 3-5 minutes for about 10 minutes, or until a nice thick lacquer has developed.

Place the meatballs into the demi-baguette and top with thin slices of carrot, cilantro, mint, scallion, peanuts, and pickled cucumber and radishes. Enjoy!


  1. Nice post, but please remember that Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam all use lemongrass and coconut milk. Thailand was not the first country to have used lemongrass and coconut milk so why did you assume that those were Thai influences? Both lemongrass and coconut milk are native ingredients in Lao cuisine. Southeast Asia does not revolve around Thai cuisine so please don't assume that those ingredients came from Thailand. In fact, most dishes in Thai cuisine came from neighboring countries.

    1. True statement. Thai was influenced by her neighbors instead of having their own style of cooking.

  2. She said "fried noodle dishes and curries scented with lemongrass and coconut milk" - neither of which are very common in either Vietnam or Cambodia, with the exception of Chinese-style fried noodles in northern Vietnam. Yes, lemongrass and coconut milk are popular ingredients all over Southeast Asia (although much less so with coconut milk outside of Thailand), but not curries with those ingredients.